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Wednesday, September 30, 2020

The Patience of God. The Twenty-Seventh Sunday of Ordinary Time 2020

The Patience of God.

The Twenty-Seventh Sunday of Ordinary Time 2020

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October 4, 2020

Ezekiel 18:25-28; Psalm 25; Philippians 1:2-11; Matthew 21:28-32

Ultimately, the parables we have been hearing over the past few weeks have been about the kingdom of God. We can find ourselves immersed in each of the stories, but they are designed to tell us something about God’s nature. In this instance, we see how patient God is with us, even though we mistreat God and the people around us.


The Scriptural references are clear that this is about Israel’s fate, as the nation is cast as God’s fertile vineyard. Ancient Palestine was a land that experienced many troubles and it was common practice for absentee landlords to let out his land to others who would stay and raise crops. The landlord would collect rents while living more comfortably in a land that was stable and had more peace. However, because of the unstable nature of landownership and the possibility of invasions, the tenants would often refused to pay the rent and would try to take possession of the lands that were not rightfully theirs. Most biblical people would recognize the regular occurrence of this pattern.


In this case, the vineyard is the people of Israel, the master of the vineyard is God; the tenants are the priests and rulers that have controlled the affairs of Israel, the servants that were sent and were treated violently were the prophets, and Jesus is the son who was killed. Behind this scenario, we notice God’s abiding care for the vineyard. For centuries, God pleaded with the people in the vineyard and they continually rejected God’s care. God sent prophets who were sometimes killed, and then he sent Jesus, His Son, who was to be rejected, killed, but would have ultimate triumph over the nation.


We see the God was not content with one invitation to the people, but issued innumerable ones. God gave the leaders chance upon chance to turn matters around and to mend their ways. We notice that God does not lash out or destroy, but God remains patient, even if it means that his most beloved creation is killed by our pride and privilege. Israel saw herself as the privileged nation, God’s chosen ones who had special protection, but her privilege got in the way of recognizing God’s Son. They closed their minds and hearts to the possibilities Jesus tried to show them.


We have many privileges in life: safe homes, freedoms protected by our Constitution, freedom of worship, families and society that has made sure we knew of our opportunities for a fulfilling life, and we can become blind to important matters in life when we use our privileges poorly, for selfish gains, for greed, honor or power. We can easily fall into the position of the vineyard tenants that killed the prophets and condemned Jesus if we misuse our privilege because it takes us away from the cries of the poor and the vulnerable, the heartaches and sufferings of those who are trying hard to get a fair shake in life, and for those who are deprived of privileges through our entrenched systems. When we think we know better, when we hold attitudes of superiority and presume we are all set and do not need anyone else’s wisdom, we are living with privilege. We have to hear. We have to listen to the stories people are telling us without rushing to negative judgments. We are a people who must stay open to the Word of God and to let our hearts be moved to care for our most vulnerable.


Let’s remember that the Israelites had their privilege taken away and was given over to the Gentiles. We now bear the responsibility of leading all people back to God, to evangelize to the frontiers of the faith that are not glamorous or glory-producing, and to expand our consciousness in caring for those who are suffering, but we might not recognize their pain. God is patient with us, and God has given us an enormous task, and I find this to be an awesome level of responsibility that God has entrusted to us. May God help us to be worthy of this mission. May God strengthen us.            


Scripture for Daily Mass


First Reading:

Monday: (Galatians 1) I am amazed that you are so quickly forsaking the one who called you by the grace of Christ for a different gospel (not that there is another). But there are some who are disturbing you and wish to pervert the Gospel of Christ. 


Tuesday: (Galatians 1) But when he, who from my mother’s womb had set me apart and called me through his grace, was pleased to reveal his Son to me, so that I might proclaim him to the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult flesh and blood, nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were Apostles before me; rather, I went into Arabia and then returned to Damascus.


Wednesday: (Galatians 2) After fourteen years I again went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also. I went up in accord with a revelation, and I presented to them the Gospel that I preach to the Gentiles– but privately to those of repute–so that I might not be running, or have run, in vain.


Thursday: (Galatians 3) O stupid Galatians! Who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified? I want to learn only this from you: did you receive the Spirit from works of the law, or from faith in what you heard?


Friday (Galatians 3) Realize that it is those who have faith who are children of Abraham. Scripture, which saw in advance that God would justify the Gentiles by faith,
foretold the good news to Abraham, saying, Through you shall all the nations be blessed.


Saturday (Galatians 3) But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a disciplinarian. For through faith you are all children of God in Christ Jesus. For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.



Monday: (Luke 10) “Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” Jesus said to him, “What is written in the law? How do you read it?” He said in reply, “You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your being, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.”


Tuesday: (Luke 10) Jesus entered a village where a woman whose name was Martha welcomed him. She had a sister named Mary who sat beside the Lord at his feet listening to him speak. Martha, burdened with much serving, came to him and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me by myself to do the serving? 


Wednesday (Luke 11) Jesus was praying in a certain place, and when he had finished, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray just as John taught his disciples.”


Thursday (Luke 11) And I tell you, ask and you will receive; seek and you will find;
knock and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks, receives; and the one who seeks, finds; and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened.


Friday (Luke 11) When Jesus had driven out a demon, some of the crowd said:
“By the power of Beelzebul, the prince of demons, he drives out demons.”


Saturday (Luke 11) “Blessed is the womb that carried you and the breasts at which you nursed.” He replied, “Rather, blessed are those who hear the word of God and observe it.”


Saints of the Week


October 4: Francis of Assisi (1181-1226) was from the wealthy Bernardone family who sold silk cloths. After serving as soldier as a prisoner of war, Francis chose to serve God and the poor. He felt called to repair God's house, which he thought was a church. His father was angry that he used family money so he disinherited him. He began to preach repentance and recruited others to his way of life. His order is known for poverty, simplicity, humble service, and delighting in creation.


October 6: Bruno, priest (1030-1101), became a professor at Rheims and diocesan chancellor. He gave up his riches and began to live as a hermit with six other men. They had disdain for the rampant clerical corruption. The bishop of Grenoble gave them land in the Chartreuse mountains and they began the first Carthusian monastery. After serving in Rome for a few years, Bruno was given permission to found a second monastery in Calabria.


October 7: Our Lady of the Rosary recalls the events in 1571 of the Christian naval victory over the Turks at Lepanto near Corinth. Victory was credited to Mary as confraternities prayed the rosary for her intercession.


October 9: Denis, bishop and martyr, and companion martyrs (d. 258), was the first bishop of Paris. He died during the Decian persecutions by beheading at Montmarte, the highest hill in the city. Lore has it that he picked up his head after the beheading and walked six miles while giving a sermon. Denis was sent to Paris to bring Christianity and was thereby called, “The apostle to the Gauls.”


October 9: John Leonardi (1542-1609), was a pharmacist’s assistant before studying for the priesthood. He became interested in the reforms of the Council of Trent and gathered laymen around him to work in prisons and hospitals. He contracted the plague while ministering to those who were sick. He founded the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God to care for the sick.


This Week in Jesuit History


·      Oct 4, 1820. In Rome, great troubles arose before and during the Twentieth General Congregation, caused by Fr. Petrucci's intrigues. He sought to wreck the Society and was deposed from his office as Vicar General, though supported by Cardinal della Genga (afterwards Leo XII).

·      Oct 5, 1981. In a letter to Father General Arrupe, Pope John Paul II appointed Paolo Dezza as his personal delegate to govern the Society of Jesus, with Fr. Pittau as coadjutor.

·      Oct 6, 1773. In London, Dr James Talbot, the Vicar Apostolic, promulgated the Brief of Suppression and sent copies to Maryland and Pennsylvania.

·      Oct 7, 1819. The death of Charles Emmanuel IV. He had been King of Sardinia and Piedmont. He abdicated in 1802 and entered the Jesuits as a brother in 1815. He is buried in San Andrea Quirinale in Rome.

·      Oct 8, 1871. The Great Chicago Fire. Most of the city was destroyed, but it missed Holy Family, the Jesuit parish, as the fire turned north thanks to the prayers of Fr. Arnold Damen. The fire lasted three days; 250 were killed.

·      Oct 9, 1627. Jansenius left Louvain for Salamanca to foment antipathy against the Jesuits and thus prevent Philip IV from giving the Society a large college in Madrid. The theological faculty at Salamanca were hostile to the Society.

·      October 10, 1806: The first novitiate of the Maryland Mission opened as ten novices began their Long Retreat under the direction of Fr. Francis Neale (himself a novice who had entered the Jesuits that day.)

La paciencia de Dios. Vigésimo séptimo domingo del tiempo ordinario 2020

 La paciencia de Dios.
Vigésimo séptimo domingo del tiempo ordinario 2020
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4 de octubre de 2020
Ezequiel 18: 25-28; Salmo 25; Filipenses 1: 2-11; Mateo 21: 28-32

En última instancia, las parábolas que hemos estado escuchando durante las últimas semanas se refieren al reino de Dios. Podemos encontrarnos inmersos en cada una de las historias, pero están diseñadas para decirnos algo sobre la naturaleza de Dios. En este caso, vemos cuán paciente es Dios con nosotros, a pesar de que maltratamos a Dios y a las personas que nos rodean.

Las referencias bíblicas dejan claro que se trata del destino de Israel, ya que la nación se presenta como la viña fértil de Dios. La antigua Palestina era una tierra que experimentó muchos problemas y era una práctica común que los terratenientes ausentes dejaran su tierra a otros que se quedarían y cultivarían. El propietario cobraría las rentas mientras vivía más cómodamente en una tierra que era estable y tenía más paz. Sin embargo, debido a la naturaleza inestable de la propiedad de la tierra y la posibilidad de invasiones, los arrendatarios a menudo se negaban a pagar el alquiler y trataban de tomar posesión de las tierras que no les pertenecían por derecho. La mayoría de la gente bíblica reconocería la ocurrencia regular de este patrón.

En este caso, la viña es el pueblo de Israel, el dueño de la viña es Dios; los labradores son los sacerdotes y gobernantes que han controlado los asuntos de Israel, los siervos que fueron enviados y fueron tratados con violencia fueron los profetas, y Jesús es el hijo que fue asesinado. Detrás de este escenario, notamos el cuidado constante de Dios por la viña. Durante siglos, Dios suplicó a la gente de la viña y ellos continuamente rechazaron el cuidado de Dios. Dios envió profetas que a veces eran asesinados, y luego envió a Jesús, Su Hijo, que sería rechazado, asesinado, pero que tendría el triunfo final sobre la nación.

Vemos que Dios no se contentó con una invitación al pueblo, sino que emitió innumerables. Dios les dio a los líderes la oportunidad de cambiar las cosas y enmendar sus caminos. Notamos que Dios no ataca ni destruye, pero Dios permanece paciente, incluso si eso significa que su creación más amada es asesinada por nuestro orgullo y privilegio. Israel se veía a sí misma como la nación privilegiada, los elegidos de Dios que tenían protección especial, pero su privilegio se interpuso en el camino de reconocer al Hijo de Dios. Cerraron sus mentes y corazones a las posibilidades que Jesús trató de mostrarles.

Tenemos muchos privilegios en la vida: hogares seguros, libertades protegidas por nuestra Constitución, libertad de culto, familias y sociedad que se han asegurado de que conozcamos nuestras oportunidades para una vida plena, y podemos cegarnos a los asuntos importantes de la vida cuando nuestros privilegios pobremente, por ganancias egoístas, por codicia, honor o poder. Podemos caer fácilmente en la posición de los labradores de viñedos que mataron a los profetas y condenaron a Jesús si abusamos de nuestro privilegio porque nos aleja de los gritos de los pobres y vulnerables, de las angustias y sufrimientos de aquellos que se esfuerzan por conseguir un trato justo en la vida, y para aquellos que se ven privados de privilegios a través de nuestros sistemas arraigados. Cuando pensamos que sabemos más, cuando mantenemos actitudes de superioridad y suponemos que estamos todos listos y que no necesitamos la sabiduría de nadie más, estamos viviendo con privilegios. Tenemos que escuchar. Tenemos que escuchar las historias que la gente nos cuenta sin apresurarnos a emitir juicios negativos. Somos un pueblo que debe permanecer abierto a la Palabra de Dios y dejar que nuestro corazón se mueva para cuidar a los más vulnerables.

Recordemos que a los israelitas se les quitó el privilegio y se les entregó a los gentiles. Ahora tenemos la responsabilidad de llevar a todas las personas de regreso a Dios, de evangelizar a las fronteras de la fe que no son glamorosas ni que produzcan gloria, y de expandir nuestra conciencia en el cuidado de los que sufren, pero es posible que no reconozcamos su dolor. . Dios es paciente con nosotros, y Dios nos ha encomendado una tarea enorme, y encuentro que este es un nivel asombroso de responsabilidad que Dios nos ha confiado. Que Dios nos ayude a ser dignos de esta misión. Que Dios nos fortalezca.

Escritura para la misa diaria

Primera lectura:
Lunes: (Gálatas 1) Me sorprende que estén abandonando tan rápidamente al que los llamó por la gracia de Cristo por un evangelio diferente (no es que haya otro). Pero hay algunos que te están molestando y desean pervertir el Evangelio de Cristo.

Martes: (Gálatas 1) Pero cuando él, que desde el vientre de mi madre me apartó y me llamó por su gracia, se complació en revelarme a su Hijo para que yo lo anunciara a los gentiles, no consulté inmediatamente carne y sangre, ni subí a Jerusalén a los que fueron Apóstoles antes que yo; más bien, fui a Arabia y luego regresé a Damasco.

Miércoles: (Gálatas 2) Después de catorce años volví a subir a Jerusalén con Bernabé, llevando también a Tito. Subí de acuerdo con una revelación y les presenté el Evangelio que predico a los gentiles, pero en privado a los de renombre, para no estar corriendo o haber corrido en vano.

Jueves: (Gálatas 3) ¡Oh, estúpidos gálatas! ¿Quién te ha hechizado, ante cuyos ojos Jesucristo fue presentado públicamente como crucificado? Solo quiero aprender esto de ti: ¿recibiste el Espíritu de las obras de la ley o de la fe en lo que oíste?

Viernes (Gálatas 3) Date cuenta de que los que tienen fe son los hijos de Abraham. Escritura, que vio de antemano que Dios justificaría a los gentiles por la fe,
predijo las buenas nuevas a Abraham, diciendo: Por ti serán benditas todas las naciones.

Sábado (Gálatas 3) Pero ahora que ha llegado la fe, ya no estamos bajo una disciplina. Porque por la fe todos sois hijos de Dios en Cristo Jesús. Porque todos los que fueron bautizados en Cristo se han revestido de Cristo.

Lunes: (Lucas 10) "Maestro, ¿qué debo hacer para heredar la vida eterna?" Jesús le dijo: “¿Qué está escrito en la ley? ¿Cómo lo lees?" Él dijo en respuesta: "Amarás al Señor, tu Dios, con todo tu corazón, con todo tu ser, con todas tus fuerzas y con toda tu mente, ya tu prójimo como a ti mismo".

Martes: (Lucas 10) Jesús entró en un pueblo donde una mujer que se llamaba Marta lo recibió. Tenía una hermana llamada María que se sentaba junto al Señor a sus pies y lo escuchaba hablar. Marta, cargada de mucho servicio, se le acercó y le dijo: “Señor, ¿no te importa que mi hermana me haya dejado sola para hacer el servicio?

Miércoles (Lucas 11) Jesús estaba orando en cierto lugar, y cuando terminó, uno de sus discípulos le dijo: "Señor, enséñanos a orar como Juan enseñó a sus discípulos".

Jueves (Lucas 11) Y yo les digo, pidan y recibirán; Busca y encontraras;
llamen y la puerta se les abrirá. Porque todo el que pide, recibe; y el que busca, encuentra; y al que llame, se le abrirá la puerta.

Viernes (Lucas 11) Cuando Jesús expulsó a un demonio, algunos de la multitud dijeron:
"Por el poder de Beelzebul, el príncipe de los demonios, expulsa a los demonios".

Sábado (Lucas 11) "Bienaventurado el vientre que te llevó y los pechos con los que mamaste". Él respondió: "Más bien, bienaventurados los que oyen la palabra de Dios y la guardan".

Santos de la semana

4 de octubre: Francisco de Asís (1181-1226) era de la rica familia Bernardone que vendía telas de seda. Después de servir como soldado como prisionero de guerra, Francisco eligió servir a Dios y a los pobres. Se sintió llamado a reparar la casa de Dios, que pensaba que era una iglesia. Su padre estaba enojado porque usó el dinero de la familia, por lo que lo desheredado. Comenzó a predicar el arrepentimiento y reclutó a otros para su estilo de vida. Su orden es conocida por la pobreza, la sencillez, el servicio humilde y el deleite en la creación.

6 de octubre: Bruno, sacerdote (1030-1101), se convierte en profesor en Reims y canciller diocesano. Dejó sus riquezas y comenzó a vivir como ermitaño con otros seis hombres. Despreciaron la desenfrenada corrupción clerical. El obispo de Grenoble les cedió tierras en las montañas Chartreuse y comenzaron el primer monasterio cartujo. Después de servir en Roma durante unos años, Bruno recibió permiso para fundar un segundo monasterio en Calabria.

7 de octubre: Nuestra Señora del Rosario recuerda los acontecimientos de 1571 de la victoria naval cristiana sobre los turcos en Lepanto, cerca de Corinto. La victoria fue acreditada a María cuando las cofradías rezaron el rosario por su intercesión.

9 de octubre: Denis, obispo y mártir, y compañero de mártires (m. 258), fue el primer obispo de París. Murió durante las persecuciones decianas decapitando en Montmartre, la colina más alta de la ciudad. Lore dice que levantó la cabeza después de la decapitación y caminó seis millas mientras daba un sermón. Denis fue enviado a París para traer el cristianismo y, por lo tanto, fue llamado "El apóstol de los galos".

9 de octubre: John Leonardi (1542-1609), fue ayudante de farmacéutico antes de estudiar para el sacerdocio. Se interesó por las reformas del Concilio de Trento y reunió a laicos a su alrededor para trabajar en prisiones y hospitales. Contrajo la plaga mientras atendía a los enfermos. Fundó los Oficinistas Regulares de la Madre de Dios para atender a los enfermos.

Esta semana en la historia de los jesuitas

· 4 de octubre de 1820. En Roma, antes y durante la Vigésima Congregación General, surgieron grandes problemas causados ​​por el p. Las intrigas de Petrucci. Trató de arruinar la Sociedad y fue depuesto de su cargo como Vicario General, aunque apoyado por el Cardenal della Genga (luego León XII).
· 5 de octubre de 1981. En una carta al Padre General Arrupe, el Papa Juan Pablo II nombró a Paolo Dezza como su delegado personal para gobernar la Compañía de Jesús, con el P. Pittau como coadjutor.
· 6 de octubre de 1773. En Londres, el Dr. James Talbot, Vicario Apostólico, promulgó el Breve de Supresión y envió copias a Maryland y Pennsylvania.
· 7 de octubre de 1819. Muerte de Carlos Emmanuel IV. Había sido rey de Cerdeña y Piamonte. Abdicó en 1802 y entró en los jesuitas como hermano en 1815. Está enterrado en San Andrea Quirinale en Roma.
· 8 de octubre de 1871. El gran incendio de Chicago. La mayor parte de la ciudad fue destruida, pero se perdió Holy Family, la parroquia jesuita, ya que el fuego se volvió hacia el norte gracias a las oraciones del P. Arnold Damen. El fuego duró tres días; 250 murieron.
· 9 de octubre de 1627. Jansenius partió de Lovaina hacia Salamanca para fomentar la antipatía contra los jesuitas e impedir así que Felipe IV diera a la Compañía un gran colegio en Madrid. La facultad teológica de Salamanca se mostró hostil a la Compañía.
· 10 de octubre de 1806: Se abrió el primer noviciado de la Misión de Maryland cuando diez novicios comenzaron su Retiro Largo bajo la dirección del P. Francis Neale (él mismo un novicio que había ingresado a los jesuitas ese día).

Saturday, September 26, 2020

Poem: "I taught myself to live simply" by Anna Akhmatova

I taught myself to live simply and wisely,to look at the sky and pray to God,
and to wander long before evening
to tire my superfluous worries...

Wednesday, September 23, 2020

Deeds Prove our Love. The Twenty-Sixth Sunday of Ordinary Time 2020

                                                             Deeds Prove our Love.

The Twenty-Sixth Sunday of Ordinary Time 2020

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September 27, 2020

Ezekiel 18:25-28; Psalm 25; Philippians 1:2-11; Matthew 21:28-32

In the final analysis, it is only by deeds that we prove our love, and this is a story of two sons, neither of whom answer their father’s question acceptably, and we have something to learn from it, but let’s first look at the original intent of this parable. Over the past few weeks, the stories we have been hearing have dealt with the judgment of Israel, and this story presents us with two sons that present, one, the religious leaders, and two, the religious outcasts who followed John the Baptist’s call to repentance. Because of the way the religious leaders answered the father’s question, they condemned themselves.


         The first son represents tax collectors and the sinners, and up until they met Jesus, their lives have appeared to be a blunt refusal to have anything to do with God. After listening to Jesus, they changed their lives around and began to understand the deeper mystery that Jesus presented to them. The second son stands for the Pharisees and Scribes whose lives was one long profession that they would serve God and obey the commandments, but they refused to have anything to do with Jesus and the message of mercy and right relationships that he brought the world. The people the religious leaders have branded as sinners, though, have changed their minds and have found a place in the kingdom. To the biblical hearer, Israel and the religious leaders, through their own words, place themselves outside of salvation that they presume to be preaching to their flocks.


         Words matter. I don’t mean All Words Matter, but your words matter. The words we use have to declare forthrightly our intentions, they must reflect facts and wisdom, and they must be balanced and fair. When we play with words, especially in politics, we become like the religious leaders whose words exclude them from salvation. We must learn to speak the truth in humility, honesty, and compassion. Our words are not for game playing because our words must build up the kingdom of God. Our words dictate whether we belong to the kingdom, and if we do, then we speak words of goodwill and integrity.


         Actions matter. Your actions matter. We are our words. Our words represent our thoughts and attitudes, and our actions reveal to others what is in our hearts and minds. Words cannot take the place of our actions, nor can they make anyone trust us unless we back them up in action. It is far better if we openly admit our position where our loyalties really lie than to speak contrariwise and let our actions not match what we speak. The early Christians were called the people of the Way because their lives were more than professions of faith, learning factors, or reciting creeds. Their lives were about actions of hospitality, generosity, mercy, and loyalty to one another. They proved to each other and to the world their loyalty to the kingdom through their deeds.


         Both sons hurt the father’s heart. A moral for us is that we have to learn from these two sons, and it is better for us to be like the son who converted his regret into actions. However, it is best if we learn the utmost importance of words and the surpassing value of actions so that we can say “Yes” to God’s will and then obey with fidelity. The one who brings joy to God is the one who willingly hears and gladly obeys. God’s will may feel obscure to us, but to the best of our abilities we must learn to speak rightly and act in accordance with our beliefs. The rest will follow suit.           


Scripture for Daily Mass


First Reading:

Monday: (Job 1) One day, when the angels of God came to present themselves before the Lord, Satan also came among them. And the Lord said to Satan, “Whence do you come?” Then Satan answered the Lord and said, “From roaming the earth and patrolling it.” 


Tuesday: (Daniel 7) Thousands upon thousands were ministering to him, and myriads upon myriads attended him. The court was convened, and the books were opened.


Wednesday: (Job 9) Job answered his friends and said: I know well that it is so;
but how can a man be justified before God? Should one wish to contend with him, he could not answer him once in a thousand times.


Thursday: (Job 19) Pity me, pity me, O you my friends, for the hand of God has struck me! Why do you hound me as though you were divine, and insatiably prey upon me?


Friday (Ecclesiastes 3) The earth is changed as is clay by the seal, and dyed as though it were a garment; But from the wicked the light is withheld, and the arm of pride is shattered.


Saturday (Job 42) I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be hindered. I have dealt with great things that I do not understand; things too wonderful for me, which I cannot know.



Monday: (Luke 9) Jesus realized the intention of their hearts and took a child and placed it by his side and said to them, “Whoever receives this child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me.


Tuesday: (John 1) Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him and said of him, “Here is a true child of Israel. There is no duplicity in him.” Nathanael said to him, “How do you know me?”


Wednesday (Luke 9)  “I will follow you wherever you go.” Jesus answered him,
“Foxes have dens and birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to rest his head.”


Thursday (Luke 10) “The harvest is abundant but the laborers are few; so ask the master of the harvest to send out laborers for his harvest. Go on your way; behold, I am sending you like lambs among wolves.


Friday (Matthew 18) “See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that their angels in heaven always look upon the face of my heavenly Father.”


Saturday (Luke 10) Behold, I have given you the power ‘to tread upon serpents’ and scorpions and upon the full force of the enemy and nothing will harm you.


Saints of the Week


September 27: Vincent de Paul, priest (1581-1660), was a French peasant who selected to be chaplain at the Queen's household after his ordination. He provided food and clothing to the poor, including prostitutes, the sick, disabled, and homeless. He founded the Congregation of Missions (Vincentians) to preach and train clergy and he co-founded the Daughters of Charity with Louise de Marillac.


September 28: Wenceslaus, martyr (907-929), was raised a Christian by his grandmother while his mother and brother were opposed to Christianity. His brother opposed him when he became ruler of Bohemia in 922. He introduced strict reforms that caused great dissatisfaction among nobles and political adversaries. His brother invited him to a religious ceremony where he was killed in a surprise attack.


September 28: Lawrence Ruiz and 15 companion martyrs (seventeenth century), were killed in Nagasaki, Japan during 1633 and 1637. Most of these Christians were friends of the Dominicans. Lawrence, a Filipino, was a husband and father. He and these other missionaries served the Philippines, Formosa, and Japan.


September 29: Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael, archangels are long a part of Christian and Jewish scripture. Michael is the angel who fights against evil as the head of all the angels; Gabriel announces the messiah's arrival and the births of Jesus and John the Baptist; and Raphael is a guardian angel who protects Tobias on his journey. Together, they are venerated to represent all the angels during a three-day period.


September 30: Jerome, priest and doctor (342-420), studied Greek and Latin as a young man after his baptism by Pope Liberius. He learned Hebrew when he became a monk and after ordination he studied scripture with Gregory Nazianzen in Constantinople. He became secretary to the Pope when he was asked to translate the Bible into Latin.


October 1: These of Lisieux, doctor (1873-1897), entered the Carmelites at age 15 and died at age 24 from tuberculosis. During her illness, Pauline, her prioress, asked her to write about her life in the convent. These stories are captured in "The Story of a Soul." He focused on her "little way" of pursuing holiness in everyday life.


October 2: The Guardian Angels are messengers and intermediaries between God and humans. They help us in our struggle against evil and they serve as guardians, the feast we celebrate today. Raphael is one of the guardians written about in the Book of Tobit. A memorial was added to the Roman calendar In 1670 in thanksgiving for their assistance.


October 3: Francis Borgia, S.J. became a duke at age 33. When his wife died and his eight children were grown, he joined the Jesuits. His preaching brought many people to the church and when he served as Superior General, the Society increased dramatically in Spain and Portugal. He established many missions in the new territories.


This Week in Jesuit History


·      Sep 27, 1540. Pope Paul III signed the Bull, Regimini Militantis Ecclesiae, which established the Society of Jesus.

·      Sep 28, 1572. Fifteen Jesuits arrived in Mexico to establish the Mexican Province. They soon opened a college.

·      Sep 29, 1558. In the Gesu, Rome, and elsewhere, the Jesuits began to keep Choir, in obedience to an order from Paul IV. This practice lasted less than a year, until the pope's death in August, 1559.

·      Sep 30, 1911. President William Howard Taft visited Saint Louis University and declared the football season open.

·      Oct 1, 1546. Isabel Roser was released from her Jesuit vows by St Ignatius after eight months.

·      Oct 2, 1964. Fr. General Janssens suffered a stroke and died three days later. During his generalate, the Society grew from 53 to 85 provinces, and from 28,839 to 35,968 members.

·      Oct 3, 1901. In France, religious persecution broke out afresh with the passing of Waldeck Rousseau's "Loi d'Association."

Los hechos prueban nuestro amor. Vigésimo sexto domingo del tiempo ordinario 2020

Los hechos prueban nuestro amor.
Vigésimo sexto domingo del tiempo ordinario 2020
www.johnpredmoresj.com | predmore.blogspot.com
predmoresj@yahoo.com | 617.510.9673
27 de septiembre de 2020
Ezequiel 18: 25-28; Salmo 25; Filipenses 1: 2-11; Mateo 21: 28-32

En el análisis final, es solo con hechos que demostramos nuestro amor, y esta es la historia de dos hijos, ninguno de los cuales responde a la pregunta de su padre de manera aceptable, y tenemos algo que aprender de ello, pero primero veamos el original. intención de esta parábola. Durante las últimas semanas, las historias que hemos estado escuchando se refieren al juicio de Israel, y esta historia nos presenta a dos hijos que presentan, uno, los líderes religiosos, y dos, los religiosos marginados que siguieron el llamado de Juan el Bautista a arrepentimiento. Por la forma en que los líderes religiosos respondieron a la pregunta del padre, se condenaron a sí mismos.

El primer hijo representa a los recaudadores de impuestos y los pecadores, y hasta que conocieron a Jesús, sus vidas parecían ser una negativa tajante a tener algo que ver con Dios. Después de escuchar a Jesús, cambiaron sus vidas y comenzaron a comprender el misterio más profundo que Jesús les presentó. El segundo hijo representa a los fariseos y escribas, cuya vida fue una larga profesión de que servirían a Dios y obedecerían los mandamientos, pero se negaron a tener algo que ver con Jesús y el mensaje de misericordia y las buenas relaciones que él trajo al mundo. Sin embargo, las personas que los líderes religiosos han calificado de pecadores han cambiado de opinión y han encontrado un lugar en el reino. Para el oyente bíblico, Israel y los líderes religiosos, a través de sus propias palabras, se colocan fuera de la salvación que presumen predicar a sus rebaños.

Las palabras importan. No me refiero a que todas las palabras importan, pero tus palabras importan. Las palabras que usamos tienen que declarar francamente nuestras intenciones, deben reflejar hechos y sabiduría, y deben ser equilibradas y justas. Cuando jugamos con las palabras, especialmente en política, nos volvemos como los líderes religiosos cuyas palabras los excluyen de la salvación. Debemos aprender a decir la verdad con humildad, honestidad y compasión. Nuestras palabras no son para jugar porque nuestras palabras deben edificar el reino de Dios. Nuestras palabras dictan si pertenecemos al reino, y si lo hacemos, entonces hablamos palabras de buena voluntad e integridad.

Las acciones importan. Tus acciones importan. Somos nuestras palabras. Nuestras palabras representan nuestros pensamientos y actitudes, y nuestras acciones revelan a los demás lo que hay en nuestros corazones y mentes. Las palabras no pueden tomar el lugar de nuestras acciones, ni pueden hacer que nadie confíe en nosotros a menos que las respaldemos en la acción. Es mucho mejor si admitimos abiertamente nuestra posición en la que realmente reside nuestra lealtad que hablar en sentido contrario y dejar que nuestras acciones no coincidan con lo que hablamos. Los primeros cristianos fueron llamados la gente del Camino porque sus vidas eran más que profesiones de fe, factores de aprendizaje o recitación de credos. Sus vidas giraban en torno a acciones de hospitalidad, generosidad, misericordia y lealtad mutuas. Se demostraron mutuamente y al mundo su lealtad al reino a través de sus hechos.

Ambos hijos lastimaron el corazón del padre. Una moraleja para nosotros es que tenemos que aprender de estos dos hijos, y es mejor para nosotros ser como el hijo que convirtió su arrepentimiento en acciones. Sin embargo, es mejor si aprendemos la mayor importancia de las palabras y el valor incomparable de las acciones para que podamos decir "Sí" a la voluntad de Dios y luego obedecer con fidelidad. El que trae gozo a Dios es el que escucha y obedece con gusto. La voluntad de Dios puede parecernos oscura, pero lo mejor que podamos debemos aprender a hablar correctamente y actuar de acuerdo con nuestras creencias. El resto seguirá su ejemplo.

Escritura para la misa diaria

Primera lectura:
Lunes: (Job 1) Un día, cuando los ángeles de Dios vinieron a presentarse ante el Señor, Satanás también vino entre ellos. Y el Señor le dijo a Satanás: "¿De dónde vienes?" Entonces Satanás respondió al Señor y dijo: "De vagar por la tierra y patrullarla".

Martes: (Daniel 7) Miles y miles le estaban ministrando, y miríadas y miríadas lo asistían. Se convocó al tribunal y se abrieron los libros.

Miércoles: (Job 9) Job respondió a sus amigos y dijo: Sé bien que es así;
pero, ¿cómo puede un hombre ser justificado ante Dios? Si alguien quisiera enfrentarse a él, no podría responderle una vez entre mil veces.

Jueves: (Job 19) ¡Ten piedad de mí, ten piedad de mí, amigos míos, porque la mano de Dios me ha herido! ¿Por qué me acosas como si fueras divino y me aprovechas insaciablemente?

Viernes (Eclesiastés 3) La tierra se cambia como arcilla por el sello, y se tiñe como si fuera un vestido; Pero a los impíos se les niega la luz, y el brazo del orgullo se rompe.

Sábado (Job 42) Sé que puedes hacer todas las cosas y que ningún propósito tuyo puede verse obstaculizado. Me he ocupado de grandes cosas que no comprendo; cosas demasiado maravillosas para mí, que no puedo saber.

Lunes: (Lucas 9) Jesús se dio cuenta de la intención de sus corazones y tomó a un niño y lo puso a su lado y les dijo: “El que recibe a este niño en mi nombre, a mí me recibe, y el que me recibe a mí, recibe al que me envió.

Martes: (Juan 1) Jesús vio a Natanael que venía hacia él y dijo de él: “Aquí hay un verdadero hijo de Israel. No hay duplicidad en él ". Natanael le dijo: "¿Cómo me conoces?"

Miércoles (Lucas 9) "Te seguiré adondequiera que vayas". Jesús le respondió:
"Los zorros tienen guaridas y los pájaros del cielo tienen nidos, pero el Hijo del Hombre no tiene dónde descansar su cabeza".

Jueves (Lucas 10) “La mies es abundante pero los obreros pocos; Por tanto, pídele al dueño de la mies que envíe obreros para su mies. Sigue tu camino; he aquí, os envío como corderos entre lobos.

Viernes (Mateo 18) “Mira que no desprecies a uno de estos pequeños, porque te digo que sus ángeles en el cielo siempre miran el rostro de mi Padre celestial”.

Sábado (Lucas 10) He aquí, te he dado el poder 'de hollar serpientes' y escorpiones y sobre toda la fuerza del enemigo y nada te hará daño.

Santos de la semana

27 de septiembre: Vincent de Paul, sacerdote (1581-1660), fue un campesino francés que fue seleccionado para ser capellán de la casa de la Reina después de su ordenación. Proporcionó comida y ropa a los pobres, incluidas las prostitutas, los enfermos, los discapacitados y las personas sin hogar. Fundó la Congregación de Misiones (Vicentinos) para predicar y capacitar al clero y cofundó las Hijas de la Caridad con Louise de Marillac.

28 de septiembre: Wenceslao, mártir (907-929), fue criado cristiano por su abuela, mientras que su madre y su hermano se oponían al cristianismo. Su hermano se le opuso cuando se convirtió en gobernante de Bohemia en 922. Introdujo reformas estrictas que causaron gran descontento entre los nobles y adversarios políticos. Su hermano lo invitó a una ceremonia religiosa donde lo mataron en un ataque sorpresa.

28 de septiembre: Lawrence Ruiz y 15 compañeros mártires (siglo XVII), fueron asesinados en Nagasaki, Japón durante 1633 y 1637. La mayoría de estos cristianos eran amigos de los dominicos. Lawrence, filipino, fue esposo y padre. Él y estos otros misioneros sirvieron en Filipinas, Formosa y Japón.

29 de septiembre: Miguel, Gabriel y Rafael, los arcángeles son durante mucho tiempo una parte de las escrituras cristianas y judías. Miguel es el ángel que lucha contra el mal como cabeza de todos los ángeles; Gabriel anuncia la llegada del mesías y los nacimientos de Jesús y Juan el Bautista; y Raphael es un ángel de la guarda que protege a Tobias en su viaje. Juntos, son venerados para representar a todos los ángeles durante un período de tres días.

30 de septiembre: Jerónimo, sacerdote y médico (342-420), estudió griego y latín de joven después de su bautismo por el Papa Liberio. Aprendió hebreo cuando se convirtió en monje y después de la ordenación estudió las escrituras con Gregory Nazianzen en Constantinopla. Se convirtió en secretario del Papa cuando se le pidió que tradujera la Biblia al latín.

1 de octubre: Estos de Lisieux, doctor (1873-1897), ingresaron a los Carmelitas a los 15 años y fallecieron a los 24 años de tuberculosis. Durante su enfermedad, Pauline, su priora, le pidió que escribiera sobre su vida en el convento. Estas historias están capturadas en "La historia de un alma". Se centró en su "pequeña manera" de buscar la santidad en la vida diaria.

2 de octubre: Los ángeles de la guarda son mensajeros e intermediarios entre Dios y los humanos. Nos ayudan en nuestra lucha contra el mal y sirven como guardianes, la fiesta que celebramos hoy. Rafael es uno de los guardianes sobre los que se escribe en el Libro de Tobías. En 1670 se añadió un monumento al calendario romano en acción de gracias por su ayuda.

3 de octubre: Francis Borgia, S.J. se convirtió en duque a los 33 años. Cuando su esposa murió y sus ocho hijos crecieron, se unió a los jesuitas. Su predicación atrajo a mucha gente a la iglesia y cuando se desempeñó como Superior General, la Sociedad aumentó dramáticamente en España y Portugal. Estableció muchas misiones en los nuevos territorios.

Esta semana en la historia de los jesuitas

• 27 de septiembre de 1540. El Papa Pablo III firmó la Bula Regimini Militantis Ecclesiae, que estableció la Compañía de Jesús.
• 28 de septiembre de 1572. Quince jesuitas llegaron a México para establecer la Provincia Mexicana. Pronto abrieron una universidad.
• 29 de septiembre de 1558. En Gesu, Roma y otros lugares, los jesuitas comenzaron a mantener el Coro, en obediencia a una orden de Pablo IV. Esta práctica duró menos de un año, hasta la muerte del Papa en agosto de 1559.
• 30 de septiembre de 1911. El presidente William Howard Taft visitó la Universidad de Saint Louis y declaró abierta la temporada de fútbol.
• 1 de octubre de 1546. Isabel Roser fue liberada de sus votos jesuitas por San Ignacio después de ocho meses.
• 2 de octubre de 1964. P. El general Janssens sufrió un derrame cerebral y murió tres días después. Durante su generalato, la Sociedad creció de 53 a 85 provincias, y de 28.839 a 35.968 miembros.
• 3 de octubre de 1901. En Francia, la persecución religiosa estalló de nuevo con el fallecimiento de Waldeck "Loi d'Association" de Rousseau.

Tuesday, September 22, 2020

Prayer: Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein)

O my God, fill my soul with holy joy, courage and strength to serve You. Enkindle Your love in me and then walk with me along the next stretch of road before me. I do not see very far ahead, but when I have arrived where the horizon now closes down, a new prospect will open before me and I shall met with peace.

Monday, September 21, 2020

Spirituality: E.B. White, Charlotte's Web

“The crickets sang in the grasses. They sang the song of summer's ending, a sad monotonous song. "Summer is over and gone, over and gone, over and gone. Summer is dying, dying." A little maple tree heard the cricket song and turned bright red with anxiety.”

Friday, September 18, 2020

Spirituality: Rachel Carson, "The Sense of Wonder"

Those who dwell, as scientists or laymen, among the beauties and mysteries of the earth are never alone or weary of life. Whatever the vexations and concerns of their personal lives, their thoughts can find paths that lead to inner contentment and to renewed excitement in living. Those who contemplate the beauty of the earth find reserves of strength that will endure as long as life lasts. There is symbolic as well as actual beauty in the migration of the birds, the ebb and flow of the tides, the folded bud ready for spring. There is something infinitely healing in the repeated refrains of nature--the reassurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after winter.

Thursday, September 17, 2020

Poem: That Passeth All Understanding

 The Boston Area choral group, Seraphim, has performed Eric Sawyer’s setting of this, written for specifically for the group (along with her “Flickering Mind”.)

That Passeth All Understanding

An awe so quiet
I don't know when it began.

A gratitude
had begun
to sing in me.

Was there
some moment
song from no song?

When does dewfall begin?

When does night
fold its arms over our hearts
to cherish them?

When is daybreak?

Denise LevertovOblique Prayers
New Directions, New York, 1984, p. 85

Wednesday, September 16, 2020

Resentments have no Place. The Twenty-Fifth Sunday of Ordinary Time 2020

                                                  Resentments have no Place.

The Twenty-Fifth Sunday of Ordinary Time 2020

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September 20, 2020

Isaiah 55:6-9; Psalm 145; Philippians 1:20-27; Matthew 20:1-16



This parable messes with our concept our fairness and justice, and I don’t want to just say the trite message, “God’s ways are not ours.” This parable is telling us something about God’s invitations to us for eternal life. Rather than saying that those who have always been laborers are devalued, Jesus is telling us that God is accepting even late-comers into the Kingdom of Heaven. This passage is not an attempt to justify social justice or labor relations. It is an attempt to highlight that God’s sovereignty and graciousness is not based on what is earned.


This parable appears as Jesus enters into Jerusalem, the final stage of his ministry, and his language takes on greater urgency. He teaches his disciples about the last things, speaks about the judgment parables, and makes his third and final passion prediction as he is set to stand before the temple authorities. Jesus has revealed his intentions to found his church and tells his friends about the attitudes that must characterize it. With that done, he now prepares to enter Jerusalem where his mission will be fulfilled. This parable is the final instruction to the disciples about the attitudes needed to be included in his community.


The main message is the equality of all disciples in the reward of inheriting eternal life. We see this in the passage that follows when James and John petition to sit on the right and left of Jesus in his kingdom. The passage may have also be intended to tell the Gentiles that they have full equality in the kingdom even though it was first promised to the Jews. Jesus is telling them that it is not a group of people who inherit the kingdom, but rather it is one of attitude and disposition. For salvation, we do not have to do anything to merit it. It is given to us out of God’s gratuity.


The parable points out the difference between what is just and what is fair. When the landowner contracted with the first laborers at an agreed upon price, he acted justly when compensating them, and when the contractors agreed upon it, it was deemed fair. When it came time for payment, the landowner honored his commitment, and said, “I am not treating you unjustly.” The owner’s conduct showed no violation of justice, and that all the workers received the same wage is an attribute of his generosity. This is the virtue that we are to see, but what happens is that the earlier workers begin to resent their agreement. What is not an attitude or disposition for entry into heaven? Resentment, jealousy. What happens when we compare? We despair.


Jesus shows us that we can look at it in two ways: with gratitude for generosity because the ultimate goal has been attained, or we can mire into the baser human response of resentment, which only nourishes hate and anger. Our attitudes make all the difference. We have to be emotionally intelligent to see the great favor that we have and accept it with open hearts. Jesus will take care of the rest and we will have no worries because we will have eternal life with him.


Scripture for Daily Mass


First Reading:

Monday: (Ephesians 4) And he gave some as Apostles, others as prophets, others as evangelists, others as pastors and teachers, to equip the holy ones for the work of ministry, for building up the Body of Christ, until we all attain to the unity of faith.


Tuesday: (Proverbs 21) Like a stream is the king’s heart in the hand of the LORD;
wherever it pleases him, he directs it. All the ways of a man may be right in his own eyes,
but it is the LORD who proves hearts.


Wednesday: (Proverbs 30) Two things I ask of you, deny them not to me before I die: Put falsehood and lying far from me, give me neither poverty nor riches.


Thursday: (Ecclesiastes 1) All things are vanity! What profit has man from all the labor which he toils at under the sun? One generation passes and another comes, but the world forever stays.


Friday (Ecclesiastes 3) There is an appointed time for everything, and a time for everything under the heavens. A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to uproot the plant.


Saturday (Ecclesiastes 11) Rejoice, O young man, while you are young and let your heart be glad in the days of your youth. Follow the ways of your heart, the vision of your eyes; Yet understand that as regards all this God will bring you to judgment.



Monday: (Matthew 9) As Jesus passed by, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the customs post. He said to him, “Follow me.” And he got up and followed him.
While he was at table in his house, many tax collectors and sinners came and sat with Jesus and his disciples.


Tuesday: (Luke 8) He was told, “Your mother and your brothers are standing outside and they wish to see you.” He said to them in reply, “My mother and my brothers are those who hear the word of God and act on it.”


Wednesday (Luke 9) Jesus summoned the Twelve and gave them power and authority over all demons and to cure diseases, and he sent them to proclaim the Kingdom of God and to heal the sick.


Thursday (Luke 9) Herod the tetrarch heard about all that was happening, and he was greatly perplexed because some were saying, “John has been raised from the dead.”


Friday (Luke 9) “Who do the crowds say that I am?” They said in reply, “John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, ‘One of the ancient prophets has arisen.’” Then he said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”


Saturday (Luke 9) “Pay attention to what I am telling you. The Son of Man is to be handed over to men.” But they did not understand this saying; its meaning was hidden from them so that they should not understand it.


Saints of the Week


September 20: Andrew Kim Taegon, priest, martyr, Paul Hasang, martyr, and companion martyrs (19th century), were Korean martyrs that began to flourish in the early 1800’s. The church leadership was almost entirely lay-run. In 1836, Parisian missionaries secretly entered the country and Christians began to encounter hostility and persecutions. Over 10,000 Christians were killed. Taegon was the first native-born priest while the rest were 101 lay Christians.


September 21: Matthew, evangelist and Apostle (first century), may be two different people, but we have not historical data on either man. Since Matthew relies heavily upon Mark’s Gospel, it is unlikely that the evangelist is one of the Twelve Apostles. The Apostle appears in a list of the Twelve and in Matthew’s Gospel he is called a tax collector. The Evangelist is writing to Jewish-Christians who are urged to embrace their Jewish heritage and to participate in their mission to the Gentiles. To Matthew, Jesus is the fulfillment of the hopes of Jews and the inaugurator of a new way to relate to God.


September 22: Tomas Sitjar, S.J. and the martyrs of Valencia (1866-1936), were killed in the Spanish Civil War just a week after the war broke out. Sitjar was the Rector of Gandia and was formerly the novice director and metaphysics professor. The Jesuit Order was suppressed at the beginning of the war, which sent the men to disperse into apartments, but since they were known to the community, they were sought out, imprisoned, and later executed because of their belief in God.


September 23: Pio of Pietrelcina, priest (1887-1968) was affectionately named Padre Pio and was a Capuchin priest who received the stigmata (wounds of Christ) just as Francis of Assisi did. He founded a hospital and became the spiritual advisor to many at a monastery at San Giovanni Rotondo.


September 26: Cosmas and Damian, martyrs (d. 287), were twins who became doctors. They were noted because they never charged anyone a medical fee. They died in the Diocletian persecution. Great miracles have been attributed to them and the Emperor Justinian is claimed to be healed through their intercession.


This Week in Jesuit History


·      Sep 20, 1990. The first-ever Congregation of Provincials met at Loyola, Spain, on the occasion of the 450th anniversary of the approval of the Society and 500th anniversary of the birth of St Ignatius.

·      Sep 21, 1557. At Salamanca, Melchior Cano wrote to Charles V's confessor, accusing the Jesuits of being heretics in disguise.

·      Sep 22, 1774. The death of Pope Clement XIV, worn out with suffering and grief because of the suppression of the Society. False stories had been circulated that he was poisoned by the Jesuits.

·      Sep 23, 1869. Woodstock College of the Sacred Heart opened. With 17 priests, 44 scholastics, and 16 brothers it was the largest Jesuit community in the United States at the time.

·      Sep 24, 1566. The first Jesuits entered the continental United States at Florida. Pedro Martinez and others, while attempting to land, were driven back by the natives, and forced to make for the island of Tatacuran. He was killed there three weeks later.

·      Sep 25, 1617. The death of Francisco Suarez. He wrote 24 volumes on philosophy and theology. As a novice he was found to be very dull, but one of his directors suggested that he ask our Lady's help. He subsequently became a person of prodigious talent.

·      Sep 26, 1605. At Rome, Pope Paul V orally declared St Aloysius to be one of the "Blessed." The official brief appeared on October 19.